Sandoval Freestyle Karate’s Martial Arts Glossary “S”

Discover Japanese Terms Used in Karate Beginning with “S”

Welcome to Sandoval Freestyle Karate’s karate glossary, where we’ve listed the most common karate terminology one will encounter. If you cannot find the term you’re looking for or would like to learn more, please contact us today!

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Sai

This is a weapon originally used by martial artists in Okinawa and comes in pairs. It is a pointed metal baton with a pair of yoku (curved prongs) protruding from the handle. Karate practitioners typically use a pair of sai to trap or block an incoming attack.

Seiza

This word literally means “proper sitting” and is one of the traditionally formal ways of sitting in Japan. The correct seiza position involves a person kneeling on the floor, folding their legs underneath their hips and ensuring their heels are resting on their buttocks.

Shotokan

A karate style developed by Gichin Funakoshi that is credited with popularizing karate in the modern era. It is considered to be the most influential and traditional form of karate because it is now the most practiced.

Soto Uke

This is an outside block that deflects a strike across the attacker and away from the defender. Due to the angles involved in this type of block, it is best used to block strikes to the face while the inside block may be better for strikes aimed to the mid and lower body.

Sensei

This is the common name for a karate teacher. It means “person born before another” and is a title used as a mark of respect.